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2. Why did Weimar fail in the early 1930s?
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about why the Weimar system failed in the early 1930s, with a particular focus on the failure of the Weimar government to challenge the stab-in-the-back myth propagated by political conservatives throughout the 1920s. As we move through the module, we think about: (i) what the stab-in-the-back myth was, where it came from, and its ‘stickiness’ in the public consciousness in 1920s Germany; (ii) the unpopularity of the Treaty of Versailles, but the extent to which the requirements of the treaty – and reparation payments in particular – had been diluted by the early 1930s; and (iii) the extent to which Germany had not moved on from the war in a cultural/psychological sense by 1930s.
In this course, Professor Matthew Stibbe (Sheffield Hallam University) explores Weimar Germany through twelve key questions: (1) Was Weimar Germany doomed to fail from the start?; (2) Why did Weimar fail in the early 1930s?; (3) How much of a problem was political extremism for the Weimar Republic?; (4) What kind of elections took place in Weimar Germany?; (5) How did the design of the West Germany constitution aim to avoid the problems faced by Weimar Germany?; (6) What was the impact of hyperinflation in Weimar Germany?; (7) How successful was the Weimar economy in the years 1924-29?; (8) What was the impact of the Wall Street Crash on the Weimar Republic?; (9) Did living standards improve in the Weimar period?; (10) What was Weimar culture?; (11) Did the lives of women improve in the Weimar period?; and (12) How did ethnic minorities fare in the Weimar period?
Matthew Stibbe is Professor of Modern European History at Sheffield Hallam University. He is a specialist in twentieth-century German and European history, and currently serves on the committee of the German History Society. His most recent publications include (as co-editor with Kevin McDermott) Eastern Europe in 1968: Responses to the Prague Spring and Warsaw Pact Invasion (2018) and (as co-editor with Ingrid Sharp) Women's International Activism During the Inter-War Period, 1919-39 (2018).
Cite this Lecture
Stibbe, M. (2021, January 29). Germany – The Weimar Republic, 1918-33 - Why did Weimar fail in the early 1930s? [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/the-weimar-republic-1918-33-stibbe/why-did-weimar-fail-in-the-early-1930s
Stibbe, Matthew. "Germany – The Weimar Republic, 1918-33 – Why did Weimar fail in the early 1930s?." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 29 Jan 2021, https://massolit.io/courses/the-weimar-republic-1918-33-stibbe/why-did-weimar-fail-in-the-early-1930s