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8. What was the impact of the Wall Street Crash on the Weimar Republic?
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about the impact of the Wall Street Crash on the Weimar Republic, focusing in particular on: (i) the coincidence of the Wall Street Crash with the death of Gustav Stresemann on 3 October 1929; (ii) the extent to which Germany was hit worse than other advanced economies (e.g. Britain, France) and the reason for this difference; (iii) the pattern of rising unemployment between 1929-32 – which industries were impacted first? which sectors (if any) were left relatively unaffected?; (iv) the extent to which unemployment in Germany was a gendered phenomenon, i.e. were women impacted more than men?; (v) the extent to which the social security system provided a viable safety net for the unemployed in this period; and (vi) the political consequences of rising unemployment – the election of Heinrich Brüning as Chancellor, the rising popularity of far-right and far-left political parties, etc.
In this course, Professor Matthew Stibbe (Sheffield Hallam University) explores Weimar Germany through twelve key questions: (1) Was Weimar Germany doomed to fail from the start?; (2) Why did Weimar fail in the early 1930s?; (3) How much of a problem was political extremism for the Weimar Republic?; (4) What kind of elections took place in Weimar Germany?; (5) How did the design of the West Germany constitution aim to avoid the problems faced by Weimar Germany?; (6) What was the impact of hyperinflation in Weimar Germany?; (7) How successful was the Weimar economy in the years 1924-29?; (8) What was the impact of the Wall Street Crash on the Weimar Republic?; (9) Did living standards improve in the Weimar period?; (10) What was Weimar culture?; (11) Did the lives of women improve in the Weimar period?; and (12) How did ethnic minorities fare in the Weimar period?
Matthew Stibbe is Professor of Modern European History at Sheffield Hallam University. He is a specialist in twentieth-century German and European history, and currently serves on the committee of the German History Society. His most recent publications include (as co-editor with Kevin McDermott) Eastern Europe in 1968: Responses to the Prague Spring and Warsaw Pact Invasion (2018) and (as co-editor with Ingrid Sharp) Women's International Activism During the Inter-War Period, 1919-39 (2018).
Cite this Lecture
Stibbe, M. (2021, January 29). Germany – The Weimar Republic, 1918-33 - What was the impact of the Wall Street Crash on the Weimar Republic? [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/the-weimar-republic-1918-33-stibbe/what-was-the-impact-of-the-wall-street-crash-on-the-weimar-republic
Stibbe, Matthew. "Germany – The Weimar Republic, 1918-33 – What was the impact of the Wall Street Crash on the Weimar Republic?." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 29 Jan 2021, https://massolit.io/courses/the-weimar-republic-1918-33-stibbe/what-was-the-impact-of-the-wall-street-crash-on-the-weimar-republic