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4. How committed was Saladin to Jihad against the Franks during the years 1169-1187?
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about what motivated Saladin to build his empire and wage war against the Franks, focusing in particular on: (i) the question of whether Saladin was genuinely motivated by a sense of obligation to jihad or whether his professed piety was simply a cover for more material aims, e.g. his own ambition, thirst for power, etc.; (ii) the positive picture of Saladin provided by Baha ad-Din's Rare and Excellent History of Saladin, as well as in the account of William of Tyre, and the reasons we might question the positivity of these portrayals; (iii) the more sceptical accounts of Ibn al-Athir, particularly in relation to Saladin's dealings with Nur ad-Din, and Saldin's actions following Nur-ad-Din's death in 1174; (iv) the appraisals of more recent historians, including Stanley Lane-Poole's Saladin and the Fall of Jerusalem (1989) and Hamilton Gibb's Life of Saladin (1973), which are both positive, Andrew Ehrenkreutz's Saladin (2001), Lyons and Jackson's Saladin: The Politics of the Holy War (1982), and Thomas Asbridge's The Crusades: The War for the Holy Land (2010), which are more cynical, and Carole Hillenbrand's The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives (1999), which suggests that we may never know Saladin's true motivations.
– M. C. Lyons and D. E. P. Jackson, Saladin: The Politics of Holy War (1982)
– H. Gibb, The Life of Saladin: From the Works of Baha Ad-Din and Imad Ad-Din (1973)
– S. Lane-Poole,Saladin and the Fall of Jerusalem (1898)
– Carole Hillenbrand, The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives (1999)
– Andrew Ehrenkreutz, Saladin (2001)
– Thomas Asbridge, The Crusades: The War for the Holy Land (2010)
In this course, Dr Nicholas Morton (Nottingham Trent University) considers four questions related the Second Crusade, 1147-49: (i) How did the Crusader States survive and grow in the decades following the First Crusade?; (ii) Why did the Second Crusade fail?; (iii) Why did the Turkish resistance to the Crusaders intensify during the Twelfth Century?; (iv) How committed was Saladin to Jihad against the Franks during the years 1169-1187? In each module, we outline some potential approaches to the question, as well as considering the sources that are available that might help us answer the question.
Dr Nicholas Morton is a specialist in the history of crusading and the Medieval Mediterranean between the tenth and thirteenth centuries. More recently he has begun to focus specifically upon the theme of inter-faith relations between Christianity and Islam in this region. He has published extensively on topics connected to this subject area, writing a range of monographs and scholarly articles. He is also an editor for the Ashgate series Rulers of the Latin East.
Currently Dr Morton is completing a monograph exploring the First Crusaders' attitudes and behaviour towards the various non-Christian peoples they encountered during their campaign. This will be a highly revisionist work addressing many key scholarly and public orthodoxies surrounding the nature of Christian/Islamic interaction during the crusade.
Cite this Lecture
Morton, N. (2018, August 21). The Second Crusade, 1147-49: Essay Questions - How committed was Saladin to Jihad against the Franks during the years 1169-1187? [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/the-second-crusade-1147-49-essay-questions/how-committed-was-saladin-to-jihad-against-the-franks-during-the-years-1169-1187
Morton, N. "The Second Crusade, 1147-49: Essay Questions – How committed was Saladin to Jihad against the Franks during the years 1169-1187?." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 21 Aug 2018, https://massolit.io/courses/the-second-crusade-1147-49-essay-questions/how-committed-was-saladin-to-jihad-against-the-franks-during-the-years-1169-1187