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Sports Psychology – Personality in Sport

5. Summary

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About this Lecture


In this lecture, we think about how these concepts can be summarised, focusing in particular on: (i) the nature of personality being so broad, meaning it can be a challenging concept to research effectively; (ii) the ‘Big Five’ personality traits and Cattell’s 16 personality factor test; (iii) Hollander’s multi-layer model of personality structure; (iv) the difficulties with collecting personality data, including selection bias and demand characteristics; (v) reiterating Kroll and Crenshaw’s findings, that athletes in different sports present different personality characteristics.


In this course, Dr Anthony Miller (Staffordshire University) explores the role that personality plays in sport and exercise. In the first lecture, we think about different ways to measure aspects of personality, understood as an enduring trait. In the second lecture, we think about the nature of personality, including the findings from twin studies. In the third lecture, we think about some research into personality in sport, including Kroll and Crenshaw’s study of differing personality traits in athletes in different sports. Next, we think about some strategies to work with personality characteristics in order to improve individual and team performance. In the fifth and final lecture, we think about how these concepts can be summarised.


Dr Anthony Miller is a lecturer in the School of Health, Science and Wellbeing at Staffordshire University. Dr Miller’s research interests are in understanding human performance and wellbeing under pressure, with a particular focus on the social identity approach to leadership. Some of Dr Miller’s recent publications include 'Psychological distress across sport participation groups: The mediating effects of secondary irrational beliefs on the relationship between primary irrational beliefs and symptoms of anxiety, and depression' (2019) and 'Test-retest reliability of the irrational performance beliefs inventory' (2018).

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Miller, A. (2022, May 03). Sports Psychology – Personality in Sport - Summary [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Miller, A. "Sports Psychology – Personality in Sport – Summary." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 03 May 2022,

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