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3. Research into Personality in Sport
About this Lecture
In this lecture, we think about some research into the field of personality and sport, focusing in particular on: (i) Kroll and Crenshaw’s 1970 study, using Cattell’s 16 personality factors test to assess athletes in different sports; (ii) Kroll and Crenshaw’s findings that personality characteristics differed greatly between athletes in different sports, which a modern viewpoint could perceive as being as much to do with the specific sample than the sports themselves; (iii) some key differences in personality and emotional characteristics between amateur and elite athletes, as well as between athletes in individual and team sports.
In this course, Dr Anthony Miller (Staffordshire University) explores the role that personality plays in sport and exercise. In the first lecture, we think about different ways to measure aspects of personality, understood as an enduring trait. In the second lecture, we think about the nature of personality, including the findings from twin studies. In the third lecture, we think about some research into personality in sport, including Kroll and Crenshaw’s study of differing personality traits in athletes in different sports. Next, we think about some strategies to work with personality characteristics in order to improve individual and team performance. In the fifth and final lecture, we think about how these concepts can be summarised.
Dr Anthony Miller is a lecturer in the School of Health, Science and Wellbeing at Staffordshire University. Dr Miller’s research interests are in understanding human performance and wellbeing under pressure, with a particular focus on the social identity approach to leadership. Some of Dr Miller’s recent publications include 'Psychological distress across sport participation groups: The mediating effects of secondary irrational beliefs on the relationship between primary irrational beliefs and symptoms of anxiety, and depression' (2019) and 'Test-retest reliability of the irrational performance beliefs inventory' (2018).
Cite this Lecture
Miller, A. (2022, May 03). Sports Psychology – Personality in Sport - Research into Personality in Sport [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/sports-psychology-personality-in-sport/research-into-personality-in-sport
Miller, A. "Sports Psychology – Personality in Sport – Research into Personality in Sport." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 03 May 2022, https://massolit.io/courses/sports-psychology-personality-in-sport/research-into-personality-in-sport