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4. The Growth of Political Parties
About this Lecture
In this module, we turn to examine how the growth of the two ideologies of the period, along with the development of domestic and international events, resulted in the development of America's First Party System. We will focus on: (i) how the Hamiltonians' became the Federalist Party; (ii) how the Jeffersonians' became the Democratic-Republican Party; and (iii) how these two parties disagreed about policy in the 1790s.
In this course, Professor John Pinheiro (Aquinas College) explains the causes and effects of policy debates in the early republic. We start by looking at George Washington's presidency - explaining how it came about and summarising some of the key events that occurred during it. We then turn to discuss the first political ideology of the period - Hamiltonianism. After this, we turn to examine the competing ideology to Hamiltonianism - Jeffersonianism. We then examine how these two competing ideologies, as well as international events, fed the growth of political parties in this period. In the penultimate module, we turn to examine how Thomas Jefferson tried to achieve his political aims with the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. In the final module, we turn to examine the Supreme Court and see how the Federalists used this institution to influence politics well after their political demise.
Professor John Pinheiro is Professor of History at Aquinas College in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He specialises in American views on liberty and order, the Mexican-American War, American constitutional history, and the development of American identity during the early republic. He has written a number of books within these topics, including Missionaries of Republicanism: A Religious History of the Mexican-American War (Oxford University Press, 2014).
Cite this Lecture
Pinheiro, J. (2022, January 17). US History – The Rise of Political Parties and the Era of Jefferson, 1789-1809 - The Growth of Political Parties [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/us-history-the-rise-of-political-parties-and-the-era-of-jefferson-1789-1809/the-growth-of-political-parties
Pinheiro, J. "US History – The Rise of Political Parties and the Era of Jefferson, 1789-1809 – The Growth of Political Parties." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 17 Jan 2022, https://massolit.io/courses/us-history-the-rise-of-political-parties-and-the-era-of-jefferson-1789-1809/the-growth-of-political-parties