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2. The Launch and Recruitment of the Second Crusade
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about the launch of the Second Crusade and recruitment of troops, focusing in particular on: (i) Pope Eugene III and the papal bull Quantum praedecessores (1145); (ii) the use of the memory of the First Crusade to garner support for the Second Crusade; (iii) the use of Biblical imagery, particularly the figure of Mattathias and the Maccabean Revolt; (iv) the figure of Louis VII of France and his announcement that he would be going on crusade; (v) the figure of Bernard of Clairvaux and the effectiveness of his preaching tours promoting the Second Crusade, especially his speech at Vézelay and his success in persuading Conrad III of Germany to join the crusade; (vi) the effectiveness of the anti-Jewish preaching of a Cistercian monk called Ralph; and (vii) the expansion of idea of crusade to encompass anti-pagan campaigns in north-east Europe and anti-Muslim campaigns in the Iberian peninsula.
In this course, Dr Nicholas Morton (Nottingham Trent University) explores the Second Crusade (1144-48). We start by thinking about the origins of the Second Crusade, focusing in particular on the fall of Edessa at the hands of Zengi. In the second module, we think about launch of the Second Crusade, before turning in the third module to think about the (separate) progress of Conrad III of Germany and Louis VII of France from Europe to the Crusader states. In the fourth module, we think about the Siege of Damascus and the failure of the Second Crusade, before turning in the fifth and final module to other frontiers of the Second Crusade, including the conflict between Christians and Muslims in the Iberian peninsula, and the so-called Wendish Crusade.
Dr Nicholas Morton is a specialist in the history of crusading and the Medieval Mediterranean between the tenth and thirteenth centuries. More recently he has begun to focus specifically upon the theme of inter-faith relations between Christianity and Islam in this region. He has published extensively on topics connected to this subject area, writing a range of monographs and scholarly articles. He is also an editor for the Ashgate series Rulers of the Latin East.
Currently Dr Morton is completing a monograph exploring the First Crusaders' attitudes and behaviour towards the various non-Christian peoples they encountered during their campaign. This will be a highly revisionist work addressing many key scholarly and public orthodoxies surrounding the nature of Christian/Islamic interaction during the crusade.
Cite this Lecture
Morton, N. (2018, August 15). The Second Crusade, 1144-48 - The Launch and Recruitment of the Second Crusade [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/the-second-crusade-1144-48/the-launch-and-recruitment-of-the-second-crusade
Morton, N. "The Second Crusade, 1144-48 – The Launch and Recruitment of the Second Crusade." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 15 Aug 2018, https://massolit.io/courses/the-second-crusade-1144-48/the-launch-and-recruitment-of-the-second-crusade