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3. The Battle of the Field of Blood and the Struggle for Aleppo
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about the development of the Crusader States in the 1110s and 1120s, focusing in particular on: (i) the status of the Crusader States in the 1110s: their control of the coast, their growing population, but their continued vulnerability; (ii) the three major centres of power in the region – Aleppo, Damascus and Fatimid Egypt; (iii) the early moves by the Principality of Antioch to capture Aleppo in the years, especially those directed by Bohemond of Taranto; (iv) the increased pressure on Aleppo in the 1110s, including the Frankish conquest of various satellite towns around Aleppo; (v) the figure of Ridwan of Aleppo, who controlled Aleppo between 1095-1113; (vi) the figure of Ilghazi, who assumed control of Aleppo in 1117; (vii) Ilghazi's victory over the Franks at the Battle of the Field of Blood (1119); and (viii) the figure of Baldwin II of Jerusalem, his victories over Ilghazi, and the Siege of Aleppo (1124).
In this course, Dr Nicholas Morton (Nottingham Trent University) explores the foundation of the Crusader states in the decades following the First Crusade. In the first module, we think about some of the impacts of the First Crusade – the theological impact of a wholly unexpected victory against a heathen enemy, the commercial impact of newly-opened markets in the New East, and so on. After that, we think about why it was that the Crusader states were not able to survive in the decade following the First Crusade, but actually to grow and prosper, despite being surrounded by hostile forces. In the third module, we turn to the Crusader states' attempts to push inland, focusing in particular on the Battle of the Field of Blood, before moving on in the fourth module to think about the reaction to the Crusader states from the points of view of the Franks' enemies: the Turks in Aleppo and Damascus, and the Fatimids in Egypt.
Dr Nicholas Morton is a specialist in the history of crusading and the Medieval Mediterranean between the tenth and thirteenth centuries. More recently he has begun to focus specifically upon the theme of inter-faith relations between Christianity and Islam in this region. He has published extensively on topics connected to this subject area, writing a range of monographs and scholarly articles. He is also an editor for the Ashgate series Rulers of the Latin East.
Currently Dr Morton is completing a monograph exploring the First Crusaders' attitudes and behaviour towards the various non-Christian peoples they encountered during their campaign. This will be a highly revisionist work addressing many key scholarly and public orthodoxies surrounding the nature of Christian/Islamic interaction during the crusade.
Cite this Lecture
Morton, N. (2018, August 15). The Founding of the Crusader States, 1099-1124 - The Battle of the Field of Blood and the Struggle for Aleppo [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/the-founding-of-the-crusader-states-1099-1124/the-battle-of-the-field-of-blood-and-the-struggle-for-aleppo
Morton, N. "The Founding of the Crusader States, 1099-1124 – The Battle of the Field of Blood and the Struggle for Aleppo." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 15 Aug 2018, https://massolit.io/courses/the-founding-of-the-crusader-states-1099-1124/the-battle-of-the-field-of-blood-and-the-struggle-for-aleppo