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Russia: The Rule of Stalin, 1922-41

4. Industrialisation and Collectivisation

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In this module, we think about Stalin's economic policies from 1928, focusing in particular on industrialisation, collectivisation and dekulakisation, and the three major innovations that Stalin made to Leninism: Socialism in One Country, revolution from above, and the enlargement and strengthening of the state.


In this course, Dr Arfon Rees (University of Birmingham) thinks about Stalinist Russia in the period 1917-41. We begin by providing an overview of Russian history from the late 19th century up to the end of the Russian Civil War in 1922. After that, we turn to the economic policies of the period 1917-28, from the war communism of 1917-22 to Lenin's New Economic Policy of 1922-28. In the third module, we think about Stalin's rise to power after Lenin's death in 1924, before turning in the fourth module to the key policies of industrialisation and collectivisation, and the theory of Revolution from Above. In the fifth module, we think about the growth of increasingly autocratic, repressive policies in the 1930s, before moving on in the sixth and final module to focus on Russian foreign policy – especially in the context of the Second World War.


Dr Arfon Rees was a Reader in Soviet and Russian History at the University of Birmingham. He was the author of three monographs and ten edited volumes on the development of the Soviet political system, including studies of the formation of the Stalinist system, the study of economic policy making, the study of centre-local relations, the study of the role of individuals, and the function of the leader cult.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Rees, A. (2018, August 15). Russia: The Rule of Stalin, 1922-41 - Industrialisation and Collectivisation [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Rees, A. "Russia: The Rule of Stalin, 1922-41 – Industrialisation and Collectivisation." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 15 Aug 2018,

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