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2. Political Rise, 1912-24
About this Lecture
In this module, we trace Stalin's political rise between 1912-24. In particular, we think about: (i) the division of the socialist movement between Bolsheviks and Mensheviks; (ii) Stalin's first meeting with Lenin and his appointment to the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party; (iii) his arrest in subsequent exile in Siberia (1913-17); (iv) his role (or lack thereof) in the February and October Revolutions of 1917; (v) his appointment as People's Commissar for Nationalities in 1917 and as General Secretary 1922; and (vi) tensions with Trotsky, Lenin's wife, and Lenin himself, as Lenin begins to think about his successor.
In this course, Professor Christopher Read (University of Warwick) examines the rise of Joseph Stalin from his birth in 1878 to the eve of the Second World War in 1938. We begin in the first module by thinking about his early life, including upbringing in Georgia, his early education, and – later – his involvement with industrial workers in Tiflis and Baku. In the second module, we trace Stalin's political rise from his appointment to the Central Committee of the Communist Party in 1912, up to Lenin's death in 1924. In the third module, we follow Stalin as he becomes undisputed leader of the Communist Party, before moving on in the fourth and fifth modules to consider two major strands of Stalinst policy: Collectivization and Industrialization. In the sixth module, we think about the period of Stalin's rule known as the Terror – what caused it, how it proceeded, why it ended, and what it achieved – before moving on in the seventh module to consider how Stalin might have seen himself and the state of Russia in 1938, and what (if anything) held the policies of the previous ten years together.
Christopher Read is Professor of Twentieth-Century European History at the University of Warwick. He specialises in the intellectual history of the Russian intelligentsia in the crucial years between 1900 and 1925 and the social history of the Russian Revolution. His recent publications include Lenin: A Revolutionary Life (2005) and War and Revolution in Russia: 1914-22 (2013).
Cite this Lecture
Read, C. (2019, January 22). Russia: The Rise and Reign of Stalin, 1878-1938 - Political Rise, 1912-24 [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/russia-the-rise-and-reign-of-stalin-1878-1938/political-rise-1912-24
Read, C. "Russia: The Rise and Reign of Stalin, 1878-1938 – Political Rise, 1912-24." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 22 Jan 2019, https://massolit.io/courses/russia-the-rise-and-reign-of-stalin-1878-1938/political-rise-1912-24