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2. Three Frameworks
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about three frameworks for analysing language and power, focusing in particular on: (i) Ferdinand de Saussure's (1857-1913) concept of the bilateral sign as combining the signifier (e.g. the word 'tree') and the signified (e.g. a real-life tree); (ii) Roman Jakobson's (1896-1982) concept of the axes of selection and combination (or the paradigmatic axis and the syntagmatic axis); (iii) the concept of constraints and affordances; and (iv) the relation between ideology and language and power.
– Louis Althusser, Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses (1970)
In this course, Professor Annabelle Mooney (University of Roehampton) explores the relationship between language in power. In the first module, we explore the concept of speech acts and Jakobson's six functions of language. After that, we introduce three frameworks for analysing language and power, including Saussere's concept of the (bilateral) sign, Jakobson's concept of the axes of selection and combination, and the concept of constraints and affordances. In the third module, we think about the relationship between language and class and social capital, before turning in the fourth module to the relationship between language and power in the context of the law. In the fifth module, we think about the use of language – especially signs – in transforming spaces into places, before turning in the sixth module to consider some aspects of language and power in relation to money and economics, including the concept of cognitive metaphors and the reason that conspiracy theorists are so wedded to their ideas. Each module comes with a few suggestions for wider reading.
Annabelle Mooney is Professor of Language and Society at the University of Roehampton. Her research focuses on the language of waste and the language used by 'ordinary' people in order to better understand human culture, communication and relationships with the world. Her recent publications include The Language of Money: Proverbs and Practices (2018) and (as co-author) Language, Society and Power: An Introduction (2018).
Cite this Lecture
Mooney, A. (2022, April 11). Language and Power - Three Frameworks [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/language-and-power-mooney/three-frameworks
Mooney, A. "Language and Power – Three Frameworks." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 11 Apr 2022, https://massolit.io/courses/language-and-power-mooney/three-frameworks