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Germany - Weimar and Nazi Culture, 1918-45

4. Culture in the Third Reich, 1933-45

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In this module, we think about how the cultural innovations of the Weimar Republic were extinguished by the conservative influence of the Nazis, focusing in particular on: (i) the Chamber of Culture and the impact that it had under the management of Joseph Goebbels; (ii) the artistic styles that were condemned by the Nazis as “degenerate”, and the conservative genres that replaced them; (iii) the suppression of “degenerate” musical genres by the Nazis, and their promotion of classical composers; (iv) the Nazis’ use of culture as a propagandist tool; and (v) the flight of major German artists from the country after the Nazis assumed power.


In this course, Professor David Imhoof (Susquehanna University) explores German culture between the years 1918-45. In the first module, we think about the relationship between culture and politics in this period, focusing in particular upon the impact of the First World War and the Great Depression. In the second module, we take a closer look at culture in the Weimar Republic, before turning in the third module to think about the elements of change and continuity in German culture during the Nazis’ rise to power. In the fourth module, we consider the conservatism of culture during the Third Reich, before in the fifth module finally outlining how the Nazis restricted and politicised culture during the Second World War.


Professor David Imhoof is Professor of History at Susquehanna University. His research interests lie in modern European, German and cultural history, in particular the interaction between film and history, and music and history. His recent publications include So, About Modern Europe...: A Conversational History from the Enlightenment to the Present Day (2020), The Total Work of Art: Foundations, Articulations, Inspirations (2016, editor), and Becoming a Nazi Town: Culture and Politics in Göttingen between the World Wars (2013).

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APA style

Imhoof, D. (2022, August 22). Germany - Weimar and Nazi Culture, 1918-45 - Culture in the Third Reich, 1933-45 [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Imhoof, D. "Germany - Weimar and Nazi Culture, 1918-45 – Culture in the Third Reich, 1933-45." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 20 Sep 2022,

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