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2. Post World War Tension, 1945-46
About this Lecture
In this lecture, we have a look at the tension between the superpowers after the Second World War from 1945 to 1946. In particular, we focus on: (i) the importance of the Second World War and chronology to the origins of the Cold War; (ii) the results of the allied conferences during the Second World War (including the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences of 1945) and how this fed tension over Europe between the United States and the USSR; (iii) the importance of the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt and his replacement by Harry S. Truman; (iv) the importance of the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; (v) the importance of Poland to the tensions between the superpowers; (vi) the significance of Stalin's Bolshoi Speech; and (vii) how Stalin's speech was received in the West, including mention of Kennan's Long Telegram and Churchill's 'Iron Curtain' speech.
In this course, Professor Andrew Preston (University of Cambridge) discusses the origins of the Cold War from 1945 until 1950. We start by looking at the Cold War as a whole and also explore how the Cold War has been viewed by historians over the years. After this, we have a look at the tension between the superpowers after the Second World War from 1945 to 1946. Then, we explore how the US effectively declared Cold War on the Soviet Union from 1946 to 1947 by putting itself on a permanent wartime footing. In the next lecture, we explore the early flashpoints of the Cold War from 1947 to 1948, including the Berlin Blockade. In the penultimate lecture, we have a look how in 1950 the Cold War became increasingly militarised and globalised. In the final lecture, we look at the question which has captured the attention of so many historians - who was to blame for the outbreak of the Cold War.
Professor Andrew Preston is Professor of American History at the University of Cambridge. He specialises in the history of American foreign relations, primarily since 1898. He has published widely on this subject, including his books The War Council: McGeorge Bundy, the NSC, and Vietnam, Sword of the Spirit; Shield of Faith: Religion in American War and Diplomacy; and American Foreign Relations: A Very Short Introduction.
Cite this Lecture
Preston, A. (2022, May 24). Cold War - Origins, 1945-50 - Post World War Tension, 1945-46 [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/cold-war-origins-1945-50/post-world-war-tension-1945-46
Preston, A. "Cold War - Origins, 1945-50 – Post World War Tension, 1945-46." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 24 May 2022, https://massolit.io/courses/cold-war-origins-1945-50/post-world-war-tension-1945-46