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4. Self-Strengthening Movement: Phase II, 1872-85
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about the second phase of the Self-Strengthening Movement (1872-85), focusing in particular on: (i) the financial success of the first phase of the Self-Strengthening Movement, both for the central administration and for the provincial governors; (ii) the importance of Japan as a model for rapid modernisation, and of the western powers in general as model for advanced, industrialised economies; (iii) the emphasis on the military administration and technology, including ship-building; (iv) the increased importance of provincial officials, who became semi-autonomous ‘viceroys’ in their respectively provinces.
In this course, Dr Lars Laaman (SOAS, University of London) explores the history of China between the end of the First Opium War (1839-42) to the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1911. In the first module, we think about the immediate aftermath of the First Opium War and the growing influence of the western powers up to the sweeping changes introduced by the Treaty of Tianjin in 1858. After that, in the second module, we shift our focus to two huge rebellions that took place almost simultaneously in different parts of the country – the Taiping Rebellion (1850-64) and the Nian Rebellion (1851-68) – before turning in the third, fourth and fifth modules to explore the three phases of the Self-Strengthening Movement (1861-72, 1872-85, 1885-95). In the sixth module, we think about the Hundred Day’s Reform – an abortive attempt to introduce sweeping cultural, political and educational reforms to the Qing Empire – before turning in the seventh module the causes, course and consequences of the Boxer Rebellion (1898-1900). Finally, in the eighth module, we look at the final decade of Qing rule, in which the Qing administration made one last attempt at reform before its final collapse in 1911.
Dr Lars Laamann is a Lecturer in the History of China at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in London. He specialises in the history of imperial China, including popular religion, medicine, drugs and healing and Manchu culture in the Qing empire. His publications include Narcotic Culture: A History of Drugs in China (co-authored with Frank Dikotter and Xun Zhou, 2004) and Christian Heretics in Late Imperial China (2006).
Cite this Lecture
Laamann, L. (2021, January 25). China – The End of the Qing Dynasty, 1842-1911 - Self-Strengthening Movement: Phase II, 1872-85 [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/china-the-end-of-the-qing-dynasty-1842-1911/self-strengthening-movement-phase-ii-1872-85
Laamann, L. "China – The End of the Qing Dynasty, 1842-1911 – Self-Strengthening Movement: Phase II, 1872-85." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 25 Jan 2021, https://massolit.io/courses/china-the-end-of-the-qing-dynasty-1842-1911/self-strengthening-movement-phase-ii-1872-85