You are not currently logged in. Please create an account or log in to view the full course.

Media Studies   >   Video Games – Analysis

Introduction: Analysing Video Games

  • About
  • Transcript
  • Cite

Video Games – Analysis

In this course, Dr Paolo Ruffino (University of Liverpool) introduces us to video game analysis, offering some key strategies to this end. We begin in the first module with an overview of the importance and value of video games, as well as some comments on video game aesthetics. Then, in the second module, we turn to the importance of centring action when analysing video games, as well as the distinction between operator and machine in completing game actions. In the third module, we cover the specific “language” used by video games, before in the fourth module covering the distinction between the diegetic and nondiegetic levels of video games. In the fifth module, we explore the importance of failure to video games, as well as the figure of the “gamer” (and its baggage) and how ideas around target audiences impact video game production. In the sixth module, we explore the subject of representation within video games, before in the seventh module recapping our discussion with some final comments on video game analysis. Illustrative examples drawn from games are used throughout this course, including from Horizon Zero Dawn (2017), SimCity (1989-2013), Fortnite (2017), Space Invaders (1978), Everything (2017), Assassin’s Creed II (2009), Final Fantasy IX (2000), and Grand Theft Auto IV (2008).

Introduction: Analysing Video Games

In this module, Dr Paolo Ruffino gives us an overview of video game analysis, focusing in particular on: (i) how the aesthetics of video games have influenced other mediums; (ii) the importance of video games and why we should analyse this particular media form; (iii) video game consumers, demographics, and representation; (iv) types of games, including “Triple A” games, casual games, PC, console, and mobile games.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Ruffino, P. (2023, June 05). Video Games – Analysis - Introduction: Analysing Video Games [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Ruffino, P. "Video Games – Analysis – Introduction: Analysing Video Games." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 08 Jun 2023,


Dr Paolo Ruffino

Dr Paolo Ruffino

Liverpool University