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2. Theory-Theory and Simulation Theory
About this Lecture
In this module, we consider two rival accounts of how we come to make inferences about the internal states of others. The first, called theory-theory, suggests that we use principles and calculations to develop an objective ‘theory’ of what someone else thinks or feels. The second, simulation theory, posits that we come to understand the thoughts and feelings of others by empathising with them and putting ourselves in their shoes. We discuss the psychological implications of each theory and explore how the discovery of mirror neurons can be seen to lend additional support to the simulation hypothesis.
In this course, Professor Peter Mitchell (University of Nottingham) discusses how we acquire a theory of mind, i.e. the ability to make inferences about the mental states of others. We begin, in module one, by exploring what we mean by the term ‘theory of mind’ and how it can be measured using a test of false belief. In module two, we discuss two rival theories of how we come to understand the thoughts and feelings of others before moving on, in module three, to think about whether a theory of mind is innate or developed over time. Modules four and five consider how our ability to understand the internal states of others may be influenced by the condition of autism and factors in our social environment, while module six explores how the development of a theory of mind varies across different cultures.
Peter Mitchell is Professor and Director of Studies in Psychology at the University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus. Previously, he was head of the School of Psychology on the University of Nottingham’s UK campus. He has published six books and is editor of the British Journal of Psychology. Professor Mitchell has served as Chair of the Developmental Section of the British Psychological Society and as Chief Examiner for the Economic and Social Research Council UK PhD studentship competition. Some of Professor Mitchell’s recent publications include ‘Autism and the double empathy problem: Implications for development and mental health’ (2020) and ‘Do neurotypical people like or dislike autistic people?’ (2021).
Cite this Lecture
Mitchell, P. (2019, October 11). Cognition and Development – Theory of Mind - Theory-Theory and Simulation Theory [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/theory-of-mind/theory-theory-and-simulation-theory
Mitchell, P. "Cognition and Development – Theory of Mind – Theory-Theory and Simulation Theory." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 11 Oct 2019, https://massolit.io/courses/theory-of-mind/theory-theory-and-simulation-theory