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Sports Psychology – Audience Effects

4. Strategies to Improve Performance

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About this Lecture

Lecture

In this lecture, we think about strategies to improve performance in front of others, focusing in particular on: (i) inoculation, which is the process of practicing in the presence of others; (ii) inoculation methods, including encouraging the practice audience to be as potentially distracting as a competition audience; (iii) personal disclosure and mutual sharing (PDMS) as a team building strategy, involving all members of the team preparing a story that they share with the rest of the team; (iv) the three types of PDMS, as connection, mastery and coping.

Course

In this course, Dr Matthew Slater (Staffordshire University) explores audience effects on athlete performance. In the first lecture, we think about the specific effects that the presence of an audience can have on athlete performance, including Triplett’s social facilitation theory and Zajonc’s drive theory. In the second lecture, we think about the positive impacts of a home advantage on the home team, the negative impacts that the home team’s advantage can have on the away team, as well as some potential hindrances playing an at home game can have on the home team’s performance. Next, we think about Zajonc and colleagues’ 1969 study, which explored social facilitation in cockroaches. In the fourth and final lecture, we think about strategies to improve team performance, focusing on inoculation and personal disclosure and mutual sharing (PDMS).

Lecturer

Dr Matthew Slater is associate professor in the School of Health, Science and Wellbeing at Staffordshire University. Dr Slater’s research interests include the social identity approach to leadership, team functioning and psychophysiological responses to stress. Some of Dr Slater’s recent publications include 'Cognitive appraisals and team performance under stress: A simulation study' (2020) and 'A brief mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention: investigating the effects with recreational runners' (2020).

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Slater, M. (2022, May 03). Sports Psychology – Audience Effects - Strategies to Improve Performance [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/sports-psychology-audience-effects/strategies-to-improve-performance

MLA style

Slater, M. "Sports Psychology – Audience Effects – Strategies to Improve Performance." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 03 May 2022, https://massolit.io/courses/sports-psychology-audience-effects/strategies-to-improve-performance

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