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5. Garveyism and Pan-Africanism
About this Lecture
In this module, we explore the fundamental differences between Garveyism and Pan-Africanism, focusing in particular on: (i) the history of Pan-Africanism from the 1900 Pan-African conference at Westminster; (ii) Garveyism as a concurrent and alternative movement to the Pan-African Congresses; (iii) Garvey and the UNIA as a popular movement and the Pan-African Congresses as an elite movement; (iv) the fact that that Pan-Africanism was not about independence until 1945; (v) the centrality of nationalism to Pan-Africanism, which from 1945 sought to establish independent countries, or nation-states, in Africa; (vi) the Organisation of African Unity (OAU); (vii) the idea that the nation-state has contributed to the systemic underdevelopment of Africa.
In this course, Professor Kehinde Andrews (Birmingham City University) explores the ideas and politics of Marcus Garvey and the movement of Garveyism. In the first module, we explore Garveyism, Britain, and the concept of the nation-state, focusing in particular on how Garveyism challenges the concept of the nation and the nation-state. In the second module we explore Garvey’s key ideas and political activism, including his ‘Back to Africa’ movement. In the third module, we explore the concept of nationalism in Garvey’s thought, focusing in particular on the idea of the global Black nation, as well as how this idea challenges the Western concept of the nation-state as established in Treaty of Westphalia (1648). In the fourth module we turn to criticisms of Garveyism, including Garvey’s controversial and strategic involvement with the Ku Klux Klan. Then, in the fifth and final module, we outline the fundamental differences between Garveyism and Pan-Africanism.
Kehinde Andrews is Professor of Black Studies at Birmingham City University. Professor Andrews is an academic, activist and author whose books include 'Back to Black: Retelling Black Radicalism for the 21st Century' (2018) and 'Resisting Racism: Race, Inequality and the Black Supplementary School Movement' (2013). He is currently engaged in a project examining the role of Black radicalism in contemporary organising against racial oppression.
Cite this Lecture
Andrews, K. (2022, June 14). Political Ideas – Marcus Garvey - Garveyism and Pan-Africanism [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/political-philosophy-marcus-garvey/garveyism-and-pan-africanism
Andrews, K. "Political Ideas – Marcus Garvey – Garveyism and Pan-Africanism." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 14 Jun 2022, https://massolit.io/courses/political-philosophy-marcus-garvey/garveyism-and-pan-africanism