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1. The Ageing of British Society
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about population ageing in Britain since the early twentieth century. We focus on: (i) the increase in the proportion of the population aged 65+ from around 10% in 1900 to 21% today, and its causes; (ii) the “panic” around population ageing in the early 1900s, and the development of state pensions from 1908 as the first official measure to address the issue; (iii) the growing attention given to support for older people from the 1940s, including in William Beveridge’s landmark 1942 report, and the creation of the state residential care system.
In this course, Professor Pat Thane (Birkbeck, University of London) explores population ageing, its causes and impacts, policies related to it, and the place of older people in society. In the first module, we look at the historical process of population ageing and the first policies around old age in the early 1900s. In the second, we think about the welfare state and its effects on older people’s lives, in terms of state pensions, the National Health Service, and social care. The third module surveys policies related to population ageing from the 1970s to the present, and the fourth outlines some stereotypes and realities about older people. We conclude with a module on ageist discrimination in employment and healthcare, and the ways in which older people have protested this.
Professor Pat Thane is Visiting Professor in History at Birkbeck, University of London. She researches twentieth century British history, with a focus on social policy. Her recent publications include Divided Kingdom: A History of Britain, 1900 to the Present (2018), Sinners? Scroungers? Saints? Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth Century England (2012) (with Tanya Evans) and Happy Families? History and Family Policy (2011).
Cite this Lecture
Thane, P. (2022, February 07). Old Age and Population Ageing - The Ageing of British Society [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/old-age-and-population-ageing/the-ageing-of-british-society
Thane, P. "Old Age and Population Ageing – The Ageing of British Society." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 07 Feb 2022, https://massolit.io/courses/old-age-and-population-ageing/the-ageing-of-british-society