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Memory – Disorders and Brain Damage

3. Brain Damage and Memory

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In this lecture, we think about some key figures in psychology who have helped researchers learn which areas of the brain play a role in which fields of memory, focusing in particular on: (i) patient H.M., who had a bilateral medial temporal lobectomy to cure his epilepsy, resulting in an apparent complete inability to commit information to his long-term memory, later discovered to be far more localised than first thought; (ii) the categorisation of short-term versus long-term memory; (iii) how the mirror drawing task revealed that a skill is distinct from the memory of a skill, highlighting the existence of procedural memory as distinct from declarative memory, which itself is split into episodic and semantic memory.


In this course, Dr Ashok Jansari (Goldsmiths, University of London) explores memory in the context of brain damage and memory disorders. In the first lecture, we think about reconstructive memory by understanding the process of remembering not as locating a ‘file’, but as a reconstruction of sensory data, contextualised as an event. In the second lecture, we consider how people differ in their memory performance and where these differences might originate. Next, we look at some key figures in memory psychology, who have helped shape our understanding of which brain areas are responsible for which aspect of memory performance. In the fourth and final lecture, we discuss dementia as an umbrella term for degenerative brain disorders and some of the current research looking to improve our diagnostic ability and potential for curing these conditions.


Dr Ashok Jansari is a senior lecturer in the Department of Psychology at Goldsmiths, University of London. Dr Jansari’s research interests include memory disorders, prosopagnosia, executive functions, and synaesthesia. Dr Jansari is most famous for his research into prosopagnosia, having made numerous TV appearances, including on BBC1’s The One Show, as well as hosting his own ‘Neuro Talk’ YouTube channel:

Some of Dr Jansari's recent publications include 'Acquired synaesthesia following 2C-B use' (2019), 'Using virtual reality to investigate multitasking ability in individuals with frontal lobe lesions' (2019), and 'Identification from CCTV: Assessing police super-recogniser ability to spot faces in a crown and susceptibility to change blindness' (2018).

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Jansari, A. (2022, February 17). Memory – Disorders and Brain Damage - Brain Damage and Memory [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Jansari, A. "Memory – Disorders and Brain Damage – Brain Damage and Memory." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 17 Feb 2022,

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