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4. The Frankfurt School: Horkheimer and Habermas
About this Lecture
In this lecture, we explore two thinkers associated with the Frankfurt School – Max Horkheimer (1895-1973) and Jürgen Habermas (1929-), focusing in particular on: (i) what the Frankfurt School was, and some of the key thinkers associated with it; (ii) the figure of Max Horkheimer, and his concept of critical theory; (iii) the figure of Jürgen Habermas, and his concept of communicative action; and (iv) the engagement of both Horkheimer and Habermas with religion.
In this course, Dr Paul-François Tremlett (The Open University) explores Marxist approaches to religion. In the first lecture, we provide a broad introduction to Marx himself. In the second lecture, we explore what Marx said about religion. In the third lecture, we turn to two twentieth-century thinkers who worked in the Marxist tradition – Louis Althusser (1918-90) and Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937) – and think about the concepts of power, ideology and hegemony in relation to religion. Next, we explore two thinkers associated with the Frankfurt School – Max Horkheimer (1895-1973) and Jürgen Habermas (1929-) – and think about the concepts of 'critical theory' and 'communicative action'. In the fifth and final lecture, we consider the influence of Marxist thought on the theological approach known as Liberation Theology.
Dr Paul-François Tremlett is a Senior Lecturer in Religious Studies at The Open University. He is interested in theory and method in Religious Studies, and, as well as ethnographic research in the Philippines, has conducted research in Hong Kong and London on the Occupy movement.
Cite this Lecture
Tremlett, P. (2021, August 23). Marxism and Religion - The Frankfurt School: Horkheimer and Habermas [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/marxism-and-religion/the-frankfurt-school-horkheimer-and-habermas
Tremlett, P. "Marxism and Religion – The Frankfurt School: Horkheimer and Habermas." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 23 Aug 2021, https://massolit.io/courses/marxism-and-religion/the-frankfurt-school-horkheimer-and-habermas