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How Democratic is the UK?

2. Participation

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About this Lecture


In this module we explore the all-important question of participation in a representative democracy, focusing in particular on: (i) figures on turnout at the most recent UK elections; (ii) trends in election turnout over time; (iii) other forms of participation, including: taking part in a protest; signing a petition; joining a political party, and running in an election as a candidate; (iv) various obstacles to participation and those who are excluded, such as 16-18 year-olds.


In this course, Professor Andrew Blick (KCL) asks how truly democratic the UK is in practice. In the first lecture, we explore the origins of democracy and its importance to the modern UK, orienting our discussion around two aspects of democracy: popular control and equality. In the second lecture, we explore the all-important question of participation in a representative democracy. In the third lecture, we consider the role of civil and political rights in a democracy and the extent to which these rights are met in the UK. The fourth lecture is structured around an interrogation of the theory and practice of parliamentary sovereignty, involving structural and institutional considerations such as devolution, referendums, and the First Past the Post electoral system. In the fifth lecture, we explore the extent to which the uncodified or “unwritten” UK Constitution has an impact on how democratic the UK is in practice and consider the case for reform. Then, in the sixth and final lecture, we turn to the hotly debated subject of media and communications and the impact of this on democracy.


Professor Andrew Blick has extensive experience working for think tanks in the UK Parliament and as an administrative assistant at No.10 Downing Street. He has advised democratic reform groups working in countries including Iran, Pakistan, Turkey and Ukraine; and the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance in Stockholm. From 2010-15 he was research fellow to the first ever parliamentary inquiry into the possibility of introducing a written constitution for the UK, carried out by the House of Commons Political and Constitutional Reform Committee. In 2021 he began participation in an AHRC-funded project assessing the history of democracy from ancient times to the contemporary era, through considering written primary sources. He recently published ‘Electrified Democracy: the Internet and the United Kingdom Parliament in history’.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Blick, A. (2022, January 18). How Democratic is the UK? - Participation [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Blick, A. "How Democratic is the UK? – Participation." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 18 Jan 2022,

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