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5. Globalisation and the Clash of Civilisations
About this Lecture
In this module, we think about the cultural impacts of globalisation, especially Samuel Huntington’s “clash of civilisations” thesis. We consider: (i) three approaches to cultural globalisation – those who emphasise homogenisation (such as Ritzer), those which highlight mixing (for example glocalisation), and those, like Huntington, who argue that cultural contact necessarily breeds conflict; (ii) Huntington’s division of the world into eight “civilisations” who, he argues, will inevitably clash as they are brought closer together by globalisation; (iii) key critiques of Huntington’s thesis, most notably its neglect of non-conflictual interactions between civilisations and ahistorical presentation of civilisations as internally homogeneous.
In this course, Professor Rafal Soborski (Richmond, The American International University in London) explores key debates around the concept and characteristics of globalisation. In the first module, we consider some notable ways in which globalisation has been defined, and some problems with these definitions. In the second, we look at histories of globalisation, noting especially where different scholars locate the beginnings of the process. The third module outlines the debate between two camps – the hyperglobalists and the sceptics – regarding the existence and significance of globalisation, often termed the great globalisation debate. In the fourth, we think about whether globalisation is “good” or “bad”, looking at optimistic and pessimistic accounts, and in the final module we examine different perspectives on the cultural impacts of globalisation, focusing particularly on Samuel Huntington’s “clash of civilisations” thesis.
Professor Rafal Soborski is Professor of International Politics at Richmond, The American International University in London. His research focuses on the ideological, political and social dimensions of globalisation, including on globalism, anti-globalism and environmentalism. He is author of Ideology and the Future of Progressive Social Movements (2018) and Ideology in a Global Age: Continuity and Change (2013).
Cite this Lecture
Soborski, R. (2022, January 20). Globalisation - Globalisation and the Clash of Civilisations [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/globalisation-61709ffa-357c-4421-a37f-5b1e48cad75a/globalisation-and-the-clash-of-civilisations
Soborski, R. "Globalisation – Globalisation and the Clash of Civilisations." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 20 Jan 2022, https://massolit.io/courses/globalisation-61709ffa-357c-4421-a37f-5b1e48cad75a/globalisation-and-the-clash-of-civilisations