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7. Case Studies
About this Lecture
This seventh and final lecture discusses another data collection method commonly involving qualitative data: case studies. Case studies are described at the beginning of this lecture, highlighting that they most commonly focus on one individual and involve numerous interviews and psychological assessments. The example of SB, who was blind at birth but gained site aged 52, is used to highlight a key advantage of utilising case studies: to assess individuals whose circumstances are highly unusual and not able to be emulated in a laboratory setting. The latter part of this lecture explores further advantages, as well limitations, including the potential for researcher bias, issues with replicability, and expense of the procedure.
In this course, Dr Peter Allen (University of Bristol) explores the experimental structure and methodology that underlies much of the research that informs our psychological theories. The first lecture introduces the gold standard in psychological research: the true experiment. The second lecture breaks down the term ‘experiment’ by highlighting the definitions of quasi and natural experiments. The third lecture brings to light the commonly practiced alternative to the experiment, in the form of observational studies – a key aspect of a natural experiment. The fourth lecture builds on lecture three by focusing on the self-report methods which are often used in observational studies. The fifth lecture moves to the post-procedure aspect of experimentation by approaching correlations and what they mean in the analysis of results. The sixth lecture brings to light content analysis, a lesser studied qualitative method of categorising and analysing experimental results. The seventh and final lecture on this course addresses case studies, the divisive method of study which is equal parts invaluable and useless!
Dr Peter Allen is a senior lecturer in the School of Psychological Science at the University of Bristol. In recent years, Dr Allen’s research has centred around evidence-based learning and teaching in higher education. A key focus has been on statistical literacy, specifically on understanding the barriers that psychology students can face when learning research methods and statistics. A goal of this research is to derive strategies that can help students become better researchers and scientific thinkers.
Cite this Lecture
Allen, P. (2022, January 07). Research Methods – Experimental Methodology - Case Studies [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/experimental-methodology/case-studies
Allen, Peter. "Research Methods – Experimental Methodology – Case Studies." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 07 Jan 2022, https://massolit.io/courses/experimental-methodology/case-studies