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1. Causes of Differential Attainment
About this Lecture
In the module, we think about patterns of differential educational attainment along class, gender and ethnic lines, and their causes, focusing on three sets of factors: (i) cultural factors, such as attitudes towards school, as outlined by Functionalists and the New Right, as well as Marxists like Pierre Bourdieu; (ii) material factors, centred around students’ access to the resources needed to achieve in school; (iii) factors within schools, notably teacher labelling and school subcultures, which can both motivate students or discourage them from achieving highly.
In this course, Dr Matthew Cole (University of Birmingham) explores patterns of differential educational attainment along class, gender, and ethnic lines. In the first module, we consider three sets of factors shaping unequal attainment – cultural, material, and factors within schools. In the second module, we think about differences in attainment between working- and middle-class students, and how these are shaped by material and cultural forces and relationships within schools. The third module considers the “gender gap” in attainment, focusing especially on arguments that schooling has been “feminised” to favour girls and critiques of this position. In the final module, we look at the more complex ethnic patterns of achievement and explore their causes.
Matthew Cole is Teaching Fellow in the Department of History at the University of Birmingham. He is a historian of modern Britain with a particular interest in twentieth century constitutional and party politics, and local history.
Cite this Lecture
Cole, M. (2021, November 11). Educational Attainment and Inequality - Causes of Differential Attainment [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/educational-attainment-and-inequality/causes-of-differential-attainment
Cole, Matthew. "Educational Attainment and Inequality – Causes of Differential Attainment." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 11 Nov 2021, https://massolit.io/courses/educational-attainment-and-inequality/causes-of-differential-attainment