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6. The Social Approach
About this Lecture
In the final module, we discuss the importance of considering social factors as a cause of depression. We discuss a sociological study of depression by Brown et al. (1977) which investigated the social causes of depression and anxiety in two groups of women and showed how these varied across different communities. We then consider four social factors which are commonly associated with depression (i) debt, (ii) disease, (iii) divorce and (iv) deprivation. Finally, we suggest that an effective approach to depression does not limit itself to one particular model but takes account of a combination of biological, psychological and social factors.
In this course, Professor Linda Gask (University of Manchester) discusses the topic of depression. We begin by thinking about what depression is and how it can be diagnosed in module one. We then look at a number of different models of depression, including biological, psychological and social models, in the following modules. Module two focuses on different biological explanations for depression and considers available drug treatments. In module three, we think about Freud’s psychodynamic model of depression before moving on, in module four, to two cognitive models and their corresponding treatments: Ellis’s ABC Model and Rational Emotive Therapy and Beck’s Cognitive Triad and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. The fifth module introduces Seligman’s Learned Helplessness theory as a further psychological explanation for depression. The sixth module concludes the course with a discussion of the social factors that may play a role in depression and underlines the importance of considering biological, psychological and social factors in conjunction.
Professor Linda Gask trained in medicine at the University of Edinburgh and in psychiatry in the North West of England. She was a 2000-2001 Harkness Fellow in Health Care Policy based at the Center for Health Studies in Seattle. She has also worked as a consultant for the World Health Organisation and has been a zonal representative for the World Psychiatric Association.
Cite this Lecture
Gask, L. (2019, September 30). Psychopathology – Depression - The Social Approach [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/depression/the-social-approach
Gask, L. "Psychopathology – Depression – The Social Approach." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 30 Sep 2019, https://massolit.io/courses/depression/the-social-approach