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4. Cognitive Distortions
About this Lecture
In this lecture, we think about cognitive distortions, i.e. specific thinking patterns which may lead criminals to believe that their actions are moral and justified, focusing in particular on: (i) the cognitive processes of ‘minimisation’ and ‘neutralisation’; (ii) how the latter can be divided into the five sub-categories of denial of responsibility, denial of injury, denial of victimhood, condemnation of the condemner and appealing to higher loyalties; (iii) how each of these cognitive distortions serves to justify criminal behaviour in the offender’s mind.
In this course, Professor Francis Pakes (University of Portsmouth) explores key issues in criminal psychology. In the first lecture, we think about Lombroso and the notion of the ‘born criminal’. In the second lecture, we discuss genetic explanations for crime more broadly. In the third lecture, we examine cognitive explanations for crime, focusing in particular on moral reasoning. Next, we think about cognitive distortions as a cognitive explanation for crime. In the fifth lecture, we consider the criminal justice system, focusing on the aims of imprisonment. In the sixth and final lecture, we think about recidivism.
Francis is Professor in Criminology. He studied psychology in Groningen (the Netherlands) and received his PhD from Leiden University (the Netherlands). He joined the University of Portsmouth in 1998. Francis has a keen interest in comparative criminal justice and the role of globalisation and shaping criminal justice across the globe. His background in psychology serves him well in studying issues of mental health and criminal justice and other vulnerable and excluded populations. He is an expert on prisons, crime and justice in the Netherlands and regularly features in the media discussing prisons, violent crime and other crime and justice related issues.
Cite this Lecture
Pakes, F. (2019, October 22). Forensic Psychology – Criminality - Cognitive Distortions [Video]. MASSOLIT. https://massolit.io/courses/criminal-psychology/cognitive-distortions
Pakes, F. "Forensic Psychology – Criminality – Cognitive Distortions." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 22 Oct 2019, https://massolit.io/courses/criminal-psychology/cognitive-distortions