You are not currently logged in. Please create an account or log in to view the full course.

Psychology   >   Sports Psychology – Audience Effects

Audience Effects

  • About
  • Transcript
  • Cite

Sports Psychology – Audience Effects

In this course, Dr Matthew Slater (Staffordshire University) explores audience effects on athlete performance. In the first lecture, we think about the specific effects that the presence of an audience can have on athlete performance, including Triplett’s social facilitation theory and Zajonc’s drive theory. In the second lecture, we think about the positive impacts of a home advantage on the home team, the negative impacts that the home team’s advantage can have on the away team, as well as some potential hindrances playing an at home game can have on the home team’s performance. Next, we think about Zajonc and colleagues’ 1969 study, which explored social facilitation in cockroaches. In the fourth and final lecture, we think about strategies to improve team performance, focusing on inoculation and personal disclosure and mutual sharing (PDMS).

Audience Effects

In this lecture, we think about the impact of an audience on athlete performance, focusing in particular on: (i) Norman Triplett, considered to be the first sports psychologist, who observed that cyclists riding together seemed to perform better; (ii) social facilitation theory, which proposes that individuals perform better when they are competing directly with others, as per Triplett’s observations; (iii) Robert Zajonc’s drive theory, which proposed that the presence of an audience increases arousal, which in turn increases performance; (iv) the potential for arousal to diminish performance, if the athlete does not deem themselves competent at the task.

Cite this Lecture

APA style

Slater, M. (2022, May 03). Sports Psychology – Audience Effects - Audience Effects [Video]. MASSOLIT.

MLA style

Slater, M. "Sports Psychology – Audience Effects – Audience Effects." MASSOLIT, uploaded by MASSOLIT, 03 May 2022,

Image Credits


lecturer placeholder image

Dr Matthew Slater

Staffordshire University